by Julie Bogart, creator of Brave Writer. Is it possible to nurture your child’s writing voice without worrying about the mechanics of writing? Will that foster a carelessness in children’s writing habits? Shouldn’t kids learn to care about how they spell, how they punctuate, how they construct their sentences and paragraphs? Isn’t attentiveness to the form as important as attentiveness to the content?
It’s true that meticulous care about mechanics is a final step in every writing process. When high school students would turn in papers to me, I always told them that they should make sure their work is error free. They have spell-check, parents, friends – all who can lend support to finding spelling errors, missed punctuation and typos. The presentation of the final paper is a psychologically important part of grading a paper, in fact. A teacher, parent, or professor is put at ease when the writing is without error. The mechanical perfection of the paper renders the form invisible and frees the reader to focus exclusively on content. What a joy that is! So, yes, mechanics matter a lot in writing and there’s nothing at all wrong with expecting a high standard in the final product.
On the other hand, there is a peculiar challenge in writing. To find one’s meaning, to explore and excavate one’s ideas requires a letting go of the wheel. It’s hard to focus on the end marks and spellings when your inner eye is trained on an idea and where it is going. For your kids, who are even less skilled as writers, it’s even harder for them to pat their stomachs and rub their heads simultaneously. They haven’t got years of writing and reading under their belts. The conventions of punctuation aren’t automatic for them. To write “correctly” requires effort and attentiveness. If they focus on how to put it on paper, they lose touch with what they want to say.
The quickest way to kill a writer’s inspiration is to ask him or her to think about how to write before the writer has thought about what to write. Start with the ideas, images, thoughts, and fantasies. Later, once all that mess is out there, it’s possible to shift gears and give full attention to editing. In fact, it’s surprisingly satisfying to clean up the mess of creativity once it is on paper. Editing is relaxing in the way that mowing the lawn or ironing a wrinkled shirt is. You see progress instantly!
So, save mechanics and instruction in how to execute them for copywork and dictation. In the meantime, while you are growing a young writer, give full attention to what that writer wants to say and how he or she wants to say it. Mess with meanings, play with words, wriggle around in disorder and creativity. Then, once the words are all over the page in their glorious chaotic sense, impose a little order by editing for spelling, punctuation and grammar.
That’s the best (and I daresay, only) way to cultivate writing voice while giving some attention to the mechanics of writing.
Julie Bogart homeschooled her five children for seventeen years. Now she runs Brave Writer, the online writing and language arts program for families.
How can you create a literature & living books, liberal arts, college prep, high school education , in an interconnected, long-range, cross curriculum program of study?
This talk, by Mari, describes how she created a program that encompasses the Humanities (Literature & Composition, History, and Philosophy), Social Sciences Anthropology, Economics, Government, Civics, Geography, Psychology), and the Creative Arts (Fine Arts, Theatre, Speech, Creative Writing), and will help you do so as well.
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Using Literature & Living Books to provide a Liberal Arts,
College-Preparatory Program of Study for High School
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Mari has been secularly homeschooling her daughter since 2009. She has a B.A. in Criminal Justice and an M.A. in Public Administration. She has worked in the juvenile justice system as well as a mental health advocate. She is a freelance writer who volunteers at her local co-op. Living in the deep south, where religion rules, Mari was not homeschooling for religious reasons nor would she use religious materials/curriculum. As the high school years approached, Mari began to consider what type of high school curricula would best meet her standards of education as well as meeting the needs of Punky to develop her interest in a college preparatory program with a liberal arts focus. Mari blogs as The Inappropriate Homeschooler and is the co-founder of The National Alliance for Secular Homeschoolers.
Why Teach Creative Writing?
Most parents have a general sense that their child ought to do a bit of creative writing. They know creativity is an essential skill in today’s world. Yet it is rarely taught. This seminar will explain the many benefits of incorporating creative writing into your student’s coursework. The benefits go much further than you imagine. In fact, it may be the most valuable subject of your homeschooling years. Don’t believe me? Come and hear how this preposterous claim could be true.
How to Teach Creative Writing (and love it).
Guiding your child in creativity is important. But many parents don’t know how to teach creative writing and feel that they would do a poor job if they tried. It requires a unique perspective and a different set of skills than the ones used in other subjects. Come and be introduced to the tools that will make teaching this subject easy and enjoyable. In fact, it might even become your favorite subject.
Leave your comments below for Chris’s talk
Why Teach Creative Writing/ How to Teach Creative Writing (and love it)
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Chris Hansen has over a decade of experience training professional filmmakers and storytellers in creativity. He was the executive director of the Piko Fellowship in Screenwriting, a long term residency program for film and television writers. A founding member and senior advisor to the Wedgwood Circle, he has been a creative partner with a team of award-winning artists. Hansen used this insider expertise and knowledge to start Wondertale, a company that encourages people of all ages to find and tell their stories. As a published author of both novels and creative writing resources, he enjoys speaking to parents about nurturing imagination in their kids. He and his wife homeschooled their three children and make their home in the gold country of California, where Chris spends his days mining for the treasures that can be found in wonder-filled stories.
It’s none of their business that you have to learn to write. Let them think you were born that way.
– Ernest Hemingway
A question that I often come across on homeschool forums is what can you do to help a struggling writer. I had a struggling writer for many years, and now that he is 16 and thinking about college he is debating majoring in writing. Let me repeat that because it is a remarkable statement:
My struggling writer is now thinking about majoring in writing at college.
How did he get from the point of tears over writing to the point of loving writing? How long did the journey take? What materials were used? All of these questions I hope to answer now for the benefit of any of you who are trying to figure out what to do with your own struggling writer, and I hope to also give you hope and inspiration for your own homeschooling journey.
To do this I have to start at the beginning of our journey. My son Truffaut and his twin sister Autry were homeschooled from the start. There were many reasons why I chose to homeschool. One of the reasons that drew me to homeschooling was that the twins were born prematurely and I worried about their ability to move at the predetermined pace of a traditional school. As I look back over the years I am very happy I made this choice.
Tru was a very curious and intelligent little boy. He loved to listen to audiobooks, he loved building Legos and drawing, and he loved learning. He especially loved learning everything he could about history, science, and math. He also loved our studies in art and music. However, there was one area in which he struggled and that was in reading and writing.
While his sister picked up reading at quite a young age, Tru struggled with it. While his sister was a very young author writing her own stories at 6, Tru struggled with it. While his sister was filling out her handwriting book in a few weeks, Tru struggled with it. At first I wasn’t sure what to do about what I was seeing. I wondered why something could come so easily to one twin and yet be such a struggle for the other. I worried as all new homeschooling parents do, and I desperately tried to find a program that would work for him.
And then I decided one day that this was not worth it. He was not enjoying the process and neither was I. I put away all the writing curriculum I had while also putting away any preconceptions and hang ups I possessed. I decided that the early years were more important than any curriculum or standards, and as I look back I am very content with the way our beginning years looked. They were relaxed, care-free, and yet full of so many learning opportunities that I was not worried by the lack of written output that went along with those years. Truffaut was learning in a way that was meaningful and inspiring to him and that was all that mattered.
Then suddenly I found myself facing the transition years, those years right before high school when, as a homeschool parent, I felt a pressure that I hadn’t felt in a long time. How was I going to get my soon-to-be teenage son writing in a way that would reflect the student he was? What could I do to set him in the right direction?
At this point, I felt the time was right for a program that would hold both our hands as we transitioned to a formal writing curriculum. After spending too much time on the internet looking at samples I decided to go with IEW for the first step on his journey to becoming a confident writer. I chose IEW because it seemed like a perfect match for someone who struggled with writing as it gave step-by-step instructions on partaking in the writing process. It was a perfect match for my son in the beginning, and we ended up using it for about 6 months. We didn’t stick with it for very long because it became tedious and boring, and I wanted my son to grow as a writer which I didn’t see happening with IEW. It was, however, the right choice for a first step, and through it I did achieve my goal of helping Truffaut to understand how to write.
Next we moved to Writing with Skill, a program by Susan Wise Bauer. It is part of her classical writing series that starts with Writing with Ease. The program is recommended for fifth grade and up and is very rigorous. Tru and I used the first ten weeks of it at this point, and we hated every minute of it. It is a difficult program that takes time to figure out for both the student and the parent. Every time I dragged the books out we would both moan, but we did it. And I saw a great progress unfold in Tru’s ability to write academically, and he also felt more confident about the process.
We stopped after 10 weeks to work on creative writing as he needed a break from the academic side. This is where Tru’s writing really took off. I knew that he needed support in this area. I couldn’t just send him off and say write something because he still lacked confidence and had trouble getting his ideas and thoughts down on paper. Because of this I decided to make writing a family affair with all three of my children and myself working together.
The kids and I worked on writing in several different ways. We started with online writing prompts that were very enjoyable to respond to.
We would all read the prompt and then write for fifteen minutes. After that we would share what we had written. The sharing of our writing was the best part and we usually all got a good laugh from it. (You can read more about this idea here and see the writing prompts we used here.) Soon we were writing our own prompts for others to use.
My daughter was the one who came up with this idea, and it was great. It was another form of creative writing and the prompt became almost as important as the response.
The next step the kids took was to write stories together using Google Drive. I am happy to say that this step did not involve me at all. The kids came up with this writing game all on their own. How it works is that one person writes a few lines in Google drive, then the others will add to it. If someone doesn’t like what the other writes, there will be a debate and then revisions take place. Also, if someone misspells something or if their grammar is wrong the others will correct. It is this editing that helped Tru immensely, and it is the sharing of ideas that motivated him.
The last component that contributed to enriching his creative writing was RPG Maker. RPG Maker is a program that allows one to make their own role playing games. It is perfect for someone who loves video games, programming, and storytelling. When Truffaut first started working with RPG Maker I wasn’t expecting much, but I was wrong. He took off with it and began making very complicated games that included accomplished storylines. As of right now, he has made over 30 RPG games and all of them include a storyline. Right now he is working on a comedy game called Law and Disorder about a young obscure lawyer who makes a name for herself in the courtroom. RPG Maker is one of the main catalysts that pushed him on the path to becoming a strong writer.
After quite a lot of time working on creative writing we transitioned back to academic writing. At this point Truffaut was 14. We dragged out Writing With Skill again and worked through the whole book. Again it was tedious and frustrating, but we stuck through it even when we didn’t want to. When he finished the book we celebrated. It was a major accomplishment, and I could see he was more confident in his academic writing than ever before.
I followed Writing With Skill up with The Lively Art of Writing, which is a very helpful and affordable book on writing. In addition Tru took an online class at Bravewriter to cement everything he had learned up to that point. After this he began taking more and more online classes, and he has gone on to become a very proficient writer who knows how to put an essay together, write a strong thesis, analyze various materials, cite sources, and write a conclusion. If you were to read some of his essays today you would never think that he once struggled to even get a single sentence down on paper.
As for his creative writing Truffaut just completed a short horror story called The Radio Man that “explores the fragility of the human psyche in relation to traumatic memories of the past.” He is currently working on the editing process on this story (an area we have just started to tackle) and then he hopes to write more short stories which format he really enjoys at the moment.
He has also begun thinking about majoring in writing in college. It is one of a few different majors he is pondering at the moment. When he came to me to discuss this I was slightly shocked. I pondered how far he has come over these past few years, how much frustration he had overcome, and how many times he and I both felt that we couldn’t do this. I am writing to tell all those who have struggling writers you can do this. It takes time and you have to find the right programs (including ones that are fun to do) but it will happen. Naturally, with practice and determination, your struggling writer will one day discover their own abilities, their own voice.
Check out our post on learning through the holiday season here.
Jill Harper is a homeschool consultant aiding families on their homeschool journey. She has a bachelors in film studies from the University of California, Santa Barbara and completed the multi-subject credentialing program from National University. Jill has been homeschooling her three children for over 12 years and has been blogging about creative homeschooling and her own journey at TAD Town. You can follow Jill on Facebook, Instagram, and Twitter.
My son Sean was an early reader; I was an early reader; my father was an early reader; my paternal grandfather was an early reader. We all started reading at about the same age, between three and four years old. I’ve been told by someone who seemed to know what they were talking about that early reading, just like early walking and early talking, is a trait that runs in families. In addition to coming from a long line of early readers, I love to read. When people remember me as a child, the thing they’re the most likely to remember is what a bookworm I was. I still am. When Sean looks back on his childhood, one of the things he will probably remember is all the time I spent reading to him. I would still read to him even now, but he would rather read to himself these days. 😉 You might think that being an early reader would make kindergarten at a traditional school easy. If you think that, you would be right and wrong. Any class is easy if the other students are learning what you already know how to do, but you miss out on the essential skill of learning how to learn, which to me is the most important thing to learn during your school years. If you don’t learn how to learn, when you do get to subjects that are hard, you will not know how to learn the material in them. I volunteered in Sean’s classroom and was bothered when the teacher would call the rest of the class up to the front to do work and would leave Sean sitting working on a coloring page. I didn’t blame her. When Sean started school No Child Left Behind was the law of the land, and she was doing what she had to do. No other child in his class knew how to read. Obviously that was where her attention needed to go. From my standpoint though, Sean didn’t need any more work on coloring. At the first parent-teacher conference his teacher told me, “Well, you have nothing to worry about.” Whether that was true or not was a matter of perspective. His teacher was pretty awesome actually, don’t get me wrong. She followed that comment up with a discussion of what she would do to develop some academic tasks that were meaningful for Sean. At the second parent-teacher conference his teacher said to me, “Aren’t you a stay-at-home mom? Why aren’t you homeschooling? If I didn’t need to work, I would’ve homeschooled my kids.” Before going on I should digress a bit and tell you that I had thought about homeschooling Sean, but I got cold feet worrying that I would fail him somehow, so I put him in traditional school instead. I owe Sean’s kindergarten teacher a debt of gratitude. She is the person that gave me the courage I needed to homeschool Sean.
That Was Then. What about Now?
I break language arts into two main categories, the mechanics and the craft. The mechanics includes spelling, grammar, and writing. The craft includes writing and reading.
The Mechanics: The least favorite, the most favorite, and something new
Spelling, the least favorite subject for both of us: Over the past 9 years I have come to HATE‼ spelling. I hate this academic subject with so much passion, heavy sigh just thinking about it. 🙁 Being a strong reader does not guarantee you will be strong at spelling. My guess is that most high school students do not have spelling as a separate class. Sean still does. We have been working through Sequential Spelling for the past four years, and I highly recommend it if spelling is a problem area for your child. It has greatly helped to improve Sean’s spelling. Even with this effective spelling program his spelling is just okay though. Do not use the IPad App btw. It is terrible, and is coupled with even worse customer service. The DVDs are much superior.
Grammar, the most favorite of one of us: Grammar is Sean’s favorite subject of all time. The laugh is on me, because this was my least favorite subject (until I started homeschooling my son in spelling that is)! Sean has always loved diagramming sentences. Grammar this year started with Sean reading through The Elements of Style by Strunk and White. Sean reviewed the rules for punctuation. “Where is the diagramming, Mom?” “Sorry Sean, there isn’t any this year.” Going forward he will only work on grammar as it relates to punctuation. He does miss the diagramming, but I noticed at the end of last year that he was weak on some of the punctuation rules. I know he misses diagramming sentences, but that particular skill wasn’t improving his punctuation!
The Mechanics of Writing, something new: Sean is incredibly creative with his writing. In the past he has fought any type of writing program that did not focus almost entirely on the creative side of writing. I have been fine with this. The craft of writing, in my opinion, is much harder to learn than the mechanics of writing, but you do need the mechanics. In the past Sean used Michael Clay Thompson’s language arts series and Bravewriter, both of which he (and I) loved and learned a lot from. This is not to say these programs do not focus on the mechanics of writing, but I do not think that is their primary focus. At the beginning of December, Sean and I discussed what to do to make sure he has a good understanding of the mechanics of writing. He needs to make sure he has the skills necessary for the writing portion of the SAT and for his college classes. I was really worried and was going to do something really structured. Sean talked me into compromising and letting what was supposed to a three paragraph essay be a three page story. It turned out my worrying was for naught! The paper was great. LOL! I could have worse problems; I am sure some of you are not sympathetic at all! The Craft: Two beloved academic pursuitsThe Craft of Writing benefits greatly from a focus on reading: Writing and reading are intertwined at our house. I tease them apart to think of the scope and specifics, such as what books Sean will read, then weave them back together. Writing to me is an artistic endeavor. It is individual, meaningful, and fulfilling. It is also hard. Writing something that others want to read is harder than chemistry! I think it is the hardest subject we work on in school. It is hard to assess as an educator too. Like science, I think the homeschool setting is the best academic environment to work on the craft of writing. To improve your craft with writing, you need time to write without artificial deadlines. I think working on becoming skilled at timed writing (which we are going to work on over the next school year) is a ridiculous waste of time. It is an essential skill because of the SAT, but an irrelevant skill when it comes to crafting writing pieces worth reading! My absolute favorite book about the craft of writing is Wondrous Words by Katie Wood Ray if you are into that sort of reading. So what did we use these past 4 months, you are probably wondering…
Comics and Graphic Novels (CGN): This is a Coursera Course, https://www.coursera.org/course/comics. Someone recommended it on the Secular Homeschool Teens Facebook group. This course turned out to be much more than I expected. When I signed Sean up for the class, I thought it would be a filler class to get him started. The class turned out to be much more in-depth and meaningful than that. It was an excellent course. Sean and I both really liked the teacher, William Kuskin. Sean spent the first four months of the school year reading the comics and graphic novels recommended in the course.
The specifics of why I was so impressed with this course. It focused on
Structure: All good writing has structure. I do not mean, though, that it is formulaic. I mean, all good writing has a structured reasoning for what goes where. Writing is art, so the structure might not be obvious. I have always loved the poems of e. e. Cummings because of the artistry with his structuring of the words he writes. With Sean my favorite author to use when we discuss structure is Gary Paulsen. He is an absolute master at structuring words and sentences to enhance the story. Kuskin spent part of the course discussing topics like the weaving of the illustrations with the words, the panels, the gutters, and shading and the use of color. Then CGN had Sean analyze specific pages of text from comic books and write about what he noticed about their structure. Sean hit his groove with this, noticing things that I did not pick up on until Sean pointed them out. Sean is much more in tune with visual art than I am. I come from a family of visual artists. I am the only writer in the family. Growing up, my family considered me the least creative member of it. My number one fan, my husband Jim, begs to differ with them, LOL!
The evolution of the genre: Genres of writing evolve and change. This is not easy to show with most genres. CGN is a modern enough genre that the change and growth, the history, can be studied effectively over a four month period. I think it is good for young writers to learn organically that there is growth and development in all writing including their own.
Literature analysis: There was also a discussion of different genres within the larger, more encompassing, genre of comics and graphic novels. This coupled with the focus on structure led to a decent amount of literature analysis in this course, at least the way we studied it. Sean and I read and discussed several comics and graphic novels over the four months. Some, such as Maus, Planetary, and Hush, he loved. Others, such as Saga and Funhouse, he felt more neutral about. I thought they were all great. He just likes certain genres of CGN better than others.
Editing the work of his classmates: Many of the students in the class wrote their own short comics as a final project. I printed them out and have had Sean, he is still working on this, critically evaluate each as he reads them.
My writing: There is nothing quite as satisfying to Sean as to go through and critically edit my writing. I make sure and save an early draft. I have read many times that the best writing teachers write. I use my science texts unless he gets stuck. When that happens I write along with him in the genre he is writing until he gets unstuck.
Reading the books I love this year: This summer Sean picked up a book from my night stand that I had not yet read. I was working through my stack and had not gotten to it. It was Room, by Emma Donahue. Sean loved the book. He insisted I read it right away, it was so good! When I did I realized I would NEVER have given it to my 14 year old to read.
But it did get me thinking about reading choices this year. I decided to depart from a scripted list of books for him and have him read the books I read and love over the year. That is how Sean came to read The Martian. He is about to start reading Me before You, by Jojo Moyes. He reads them, and then we discuss them. I have him send me one email about a technique he notices and likes each day that he reads. It is quite fun and enlightening for both of us! It is very possible none of these books will “stand the test of time as modern classics”, but they will all be really good reads.
This is my book pile for this year. Sean will not read all these, but I will. Sean will only read the best of the best. That part is very subjective. I will be the one to decide which are the best of the best, someone else might disagree with me. How this pile is selected is that all year, when I hear of a book that sounds particularly interesting to me, I put it on my Amazon wish list. At Christmas time I go through this list and choose books from it. My big present from my husband is the stack of books from the wish list that I decide I want to read over the course of the year. This year I was surprised to find so many books on the list. It was because we spent last December in India, and I didn’t get any books from last year’s wish list. I ordered some from that list too. Some of these books are even from three years ago. We moved about a year and a half ago and some of these books were packed instead of read. I found the box at Christmas time and added them to the pile to be read this year. I love to read. Did I say that already? I will put the names of the books at the end of this for those of you who are curious about the titles. The reason for getting these books in print, not as e-books, is that when books are great I like to share them with my friends, and I hope many of these are great.
Sean and I particularly like writers (and singers) who are what we call wordsmiths. One of my favorite books for this discussion is Jay Z’s book Decoded, where he decodes the meanings, stylistic nuances, and history of hip-hop music as well as telling some of his own history. Decoded contains some adult themes. I did let Sean read it, but if you would not let your child listen to rap music, this book might not be a good fit. You could always download a sample of the e-book and see what you think. This link will take you to a two page spread of a song that he decodes.